THE EFFECT OF ECONOMIC GROWTH AND TOTAL POPULATION ON POVERTY LEVEL IN NORTH SULAWESI

Prince Charles Heston Runtunuwu, Fahmi Tanjung

Abstract


ABSTRACT

This study aims to test and analyze the effect of economic growth and total population to the poverty level in North Sulawesi. The study was conducted in the districts/cities located in North Sulawesi province with a total of 14 districts/cities. The data taken is after the year of 2008, this due to the district/city is lastly bloomed in 2008.  The data used in this research is quantitative data. This study uses secondary data and the time series data from the year of 2009 until 2016. Panel data is used as a combination of time series and cross section. Meanwhile the crossed section data is taken from all districts/municipalities in North Sulawesi province which is 14 districts/cities (10 districts and 4 cities) with a total of 98 observations obtained in this study. The data used in this research is secondary data obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) at national level. Inferential statistical methods used in the analysis of research data is Dynamic Panel Data (DPD) considering that the sample size is relatively small. This study examined the effect of exogenous variables i.e. economic growth and total population, while the endogenoue one is poverty level. The result shows that simultaneously, economic growth and total population have a significant effect on poverty level in North Sulawesi.

Keywords: Economic Growth, Total Population, Poverty Level, Dynamic Panel Data


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References


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Trang, P. T., & Hieu, T. H. (2011). Effects of Population Growth on Economic Growth in Asian Developing Countries. Bachelor’s Project in Economics, Malardalen University.

Jhingan, M.L. (2004). "Economic Development and Planning", Translation by D. Guritno, 1st Edition, 10th Printing, PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Kuznet, S. (1955). Economic Growth and Income Inequality Simon Kuznets. American Economic Review, 45(1), 1–28.

Liu, Y., & Yamauchi, F. (2013). Population Density, Migration, and the Returns to Human Capital and Land: Insights from Indonesia. SSRN Electronic Journal, (June). https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2286845

Malthus (2004). Institutions, Transparency, and Economic Growth. Emerging Astrini, N. J. (2014). Local Government Performance Measurement: Developing Indicators Based on IWA 4: 2009. Public Organization Review, 15(3), 365-381. doi: 10.1007/s11115-014-0276-9

Badrudin, R. (2012). Ekonomika Otonomi Daerah.

BAPPENAS, U. D. (2008). Studi Evaluasi Pemekaran Wilayah-2008. Juli 2008.

Bigsten, Arne and Jorgen Levin. (2000). Growth, Income Distribution, and Poverty: A Review, Working Paper in Economics No. 32. Departement of Economics, Goteborg University.

Dollar, D., & Kraay, A. (2002). Growth is Good for the Poor. Growth, Inequality, and Poverty: Prospects for Pro-Poor Economic Development, 20433. https://doi.org/10.1093/0199268657.003.0002

Fullerton, T. M., Gonzalez Monzon, A., and Walke, A. G. (2013). Physical Infrastructure and Economic Growth in El Paso. Economic Development Quarterly, 27(4), 363-373. doi: 10.1177/0891242413489168

Hamzah. (2008). Analisis Kinerja Keuangan Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Pengangguran dan Kemiskinan di Provinsi Jawa Timur.

Trang, P. T., & Hieu, T. H. (2011). Effects of Population Growth on Economic Growth in Asian Developing Countries. Bachelor’s Project in Economics, Malardalen University.

Jhingan, M.L. (2004). "Economic Development and Planning", Translation by D. Guritno, 1st Edition, 10th Printing, PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Kuznet, S. (1955). Economic Growth and Income Inequality Simon Kuznets. American Economic Review, 45(1), 1–28.

Liu, Y., & Yamauchi, F. (2013). Population Density, Migration, and the Returns to Human Capital and Land: Insights from Indonesia. SSRN Electronic Journal, (June). https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2286845

Malthus (2004). Institutions, Transparency, and Economic Growth. Emerging Economy Studies, 1(2), 188-210. doi: 10.1177/2394901515599272

Mardiasmo. (2006). Perwujudan Transparansi dan Akuntabilitas Publik melalui Akuntasi Sektor Publik : Suatu sarana Good Governance. Jurnal Akuntasi Pemerintah.

Nain, M. Z., and Kamaiah, B. (2014). Financial development and economic growth in India: some evidence from non-linear causality analysis. Economic Change and Restructuring, 47(4), 299-319. doi: 10.1007/s10644-014-9151-5

Nour, S. S. O. M. (2014). Regional Systems of Innovation and Economic Structure in the Arab Region. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 5(3), 481-520. doi: 10.1007/s13132-014-0196-5

Pan, W.-H. d., and Ngo, X.-T. (2016). Endogenous growth theory and regional performance: The moderating effects of special economic zones. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 49(2), 113-122. doi: 10.1016/j.postcomstud.2016.04.005

Ramadhan, A. A., Jian, Z. H., Henry, K. K., and Pacific, Y. K. T. (2016). Does Political Stability Accelerate Economic Growth in Tanzania? A Time Series Analysis. Global Business Review, 17(5), 1026-1036. doi: 10.1177/0972150916656652

Siregar, Hermanto dan Dwi Wahyuniarti, (2007). Dampak Pertumbuhan Ekonomi terhadap Penurunan Jumlah Penduduk Miskin. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Todaro, M. (2003). Economic Development Pearson Education Limited England.

Todaro, M. (2006). Economic Development 8 th ed. Pearson Education Limited England.

Wang, Y., and Chi, Y. (2016). Measuring Spatiotemporal Changes of Rural Basic Public Service in Poverty-stricken Area of China. International Regional Science Review. doi: 10.1177/0160017616665671




DOI: https://doi.org/10.37058/wlfr.v1i1.1645

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