Rani Sintya, Yunia Wardi, Ilham Thaib


Emotional intelligence (EQ) has become an interesting topic in leadership research because of its ability to influence the performance and effectiveness of a leader. This systematic review aims to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership by analyzing the relevant literature. In this review, researchers conducted a literature search through different databases and selected studies that met the inclusion criteria. After going through the selection process, an analysis was conducted of the relevant articles to identify the main findings. The findings from this review indicate a positive relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership. Emotional intelligence plays an important role in developing and enhancing effective leadership. Emotional intelligence can help leaders make better decisions, communicate more effectively, build good relationships with team members, and handle conflicts better. This has a positive impact on the performance of individuals and groups led by leaders who have high emotional intelligence. 


emotional intelligence; leadership; systematic review

Full Text:



Chen, J., & Guo, W. (2020). Emotional intelligence can make a difference: The impact of principals’ emotional intelligence on teaching strategy mediated by instructional leadership. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 48(1), 82–105.

Djambazova-Popordanoska, S. (2016). Implications of emotion regulation on young children’s emotional wellbeing and educational achievement. Educational Review, 68(4), 497–515.

Fernandez, A. A., & Shaw, G. P. (2020). Academic Leadership in a Time of Crisis: The Coronavirus and COVID-19. Journal of Leadership Studies, 14(1), 39–45.

Gómez-Leal, R., Holzer, A. A., Bradley, C., Fernández-Berrocal, P., & Patti, J. (2022). The relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership in school leaders: a systematic review. Cambridge Journal of Education, 52(1), 1–21.

Grobler, B. (2014). Teachers’ perceptions of the utilization of emotional competence by their school leaders in Gauteng South Africa. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 42(6), 868–888.

Lopes, P. N. (2016). Emotional Intelligence in Organizations: Bridging Research and Practice. Emotion Review, 8(4), 316–321.

Sánchez-Núñez, M. T., Patti, J., & Holzer, A. (2015). Effectiveness of a Leadership Development Program that Incorporates Social and Emotional Intelligence for Aspiring School Leaders. Journal of Educational Issues, 1(1), 65.

Shapira-Lishchinsky, O., & Levy-Gazenfrantz, T. (2016). The multifaceted nature of mentors’ authentic leadership and mentees’ emotional intelligence: A critical perspective. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 44(6), 951–969.

Stillman, S. B., Stillman, P., Martinez, L., Freedman, J., Jensen, A. L., & Leet, C. (2018). Strengthening social emotional learning with student, teacher, and schoolwide assessments. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 55(September 2016), 71–92.

Tai, M. K., & Abdull Kareem, O. (2019). The relationship between emotional intelligence of school principals in managing change and teacher attitudes towards change. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 22(4), 469–485.

Tang, H. W. V., Yin, M. S., & Nelson, D. B. (2010). The relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership practices: A cross-cultural study of academic leaders in Taiwan and the USA. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 25(8), 899–926.

Wang, N., Wilhite, S., & Martino, D. (2016). Understanding the relationship between school leaders’ social and emotional competence and their transformational leadership: The importance of self–other agreement. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 44(3), 467–490.

Wirawan, H., Tamar, M., & Bellani, E. (2019). Principals’ leadership styles: the role of emotional intelligence and achievement motivation. International Journal of Educational Management, 33(5), 1094–1105.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Ekonomi Manajemen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Ekonomi Manajemen by Program Studi Manajemen Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Siliwangi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at