Perbandingan Pemikiran Joseph Stalin Dan Leon Trotsky (Masalah Kebangsaan, Sosialisme di Satu Negara dan Revolusi Permanen).

Byoma Ganenhdra, Julian Aldrin Pasha


Industrialization process that happens in Europe during 18th to 19th century brought a lot of changes on the society. The change is that there is a new gap inside the society between the new born capital owners and the proletariat. The gap causes by the changes followed by the practice of exploitation of working class while also followed by the oppression from state and the rise of New Imperialism. These problems lay a ground work for many resistances thought that seek to liberate the people and oppressed nations from exploitation one of them is the prominent idea of Marxism. Marxism that was born in 19th century from works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels later got many followers including the prominent Russian revolutionary, Vladimir Lenin who led the succsessfull Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 giving birth to world first proletarian state. Lenin lay a ground work for Leninism the developing theory of Marxism and later become known as Marxism-Leninism. From there, rise two prominent figure that later contributed in more development of Marxism-Leninism, these are Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky. Both of them lay a ground work for more development ideas on field of Marxist-Leninist but also struggled against each other as both having a different method and approach on interpretation of Marxism-Leninism though their contribution give rise to development on the implementation of Marxist-Leninist Theory.


Key words: Marxism, Marxism-Leninism, Stalin, Trotsky



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